Visits: 132,578


(SOURCE: Forest Land Use Plan (FLUP) of the Municipality of San Jose, Occidental Mindoro)

San Jose’s upland barangays, island barangays and some of the coastal barangays are predominantly engaged in fishing and farming.

Agricultural Production

Out of 55,192.94 hectares total land area, 30.56% or 16,868 hectares are being utilized for crop production. Large portion of agricultural lands which accounted for about 63.57% or 10,724 hectares are devoted to rice production. The remaining areas areplanted with either corn, garlic, onions, monggo, fruits and vegetables, root crops or other suitable crops. The crops produced eitherserved as source of food of the people of San Jose or as sources of income for those producing them.

San Jose rice lands are gradually improving but it still necessitates a full development of its potential agricultural area.

Several piggery farms and few poultry farms also exist, unfortunately, total land areas occupied for this purpose are still accounted for. On the other hand, 2,918.70 hectares are accounted for inland fishing excluding fish cages. Aside from open fishing, these areas are also known for milkfish culture, seaweeds, backyard tilapia, groupers, mud crabs culture.

San Jose produced some principal crops that are categorized into food crops (i.e. rice (palay), corn, garlic, monggo, legumes and vegetables); commercial crops (i.e. coconut, cashew, tobacco etc); and the fruit-bearing trees (i.e. banana, mango, etc.)

Rice (palay) gives an average yield of 90 cavans per hectare whether it is irrigated or un-irrigated . Furthermore, it was observed that corn, garlic and onion has significant produce, however, statistical data is unavailable.

Livestock and Poultry Production

Various types of livestock and poultry raised in the 38 barangays of the municipality such as swine; cattle; carabaos; goats; horses; dogs; chicken; fighting cocks, roosters; ducks; and turkeys.

Furthermore, commercial livestock and poultry farms producing layers, broilers and meat products also exist. To enhance livestock in the area, the local and/or national government undertook animal dispersal and livestock extension services. Thus, farmers availed the cattle dispersal program and carabao dispersal. On the other hand, some farmers also availed the swine dispersal program.

Fish Production

Fishing is another significant economic activity in the locality especially dwellers living along the coast. Most of this communities depended on fishing as their source of income. Out of the 38 barangays in San Jose, there are 21 barangays engaged in fishing particularly in coastal barangays and other barangays in San Jose like Caminawit, Mangarin, Mapaya, Bubog, San Agustin, Ilin and Ambulong Island, fishing is considered one of the major sources of income of 1,854 fishermen. A significant economic activity in the locality considering that the Municipal fishing ground zone is 95,275.72 hectares.

With its fertile fishing grounds, the fishing sector is undoubtedly seen as an economic booster if given developmental priority.

Among the important marine resources of San Jose are species of finfish, species of coral. A thousand species of other invertebrates; species of algae; a diverse collection of sea grass and species of mangroves.

Records also showed that aside from fishing, other activities related to fishing involve seaweeds farming and other sources of fish catch from fish pens/cages.

Based on the 2013 Annual Report of MAO-Fishery of San Jose, the fish produced by fisherfolks during peak and lean months using a motorized bancas ranges from 10-100 kilograms and 5-50 kilograms, respectively. Barangays Bubog, Caminawit and Pag-asa has the highest average catch which ranges from 50-100 kilograms, whereas, the least barangays with an average daily fish catch of 10-20 are Barangays Ansiray, Bangkal, Iling Proper, Insakan, Labangan Ilin, Pawican Barangay 4, Barangay 5, and Labangan Poblacion.

On the other hand, the average daily catch using a non-motorized bancas during peak months ranges from 5-50 kilograms while leans months recorded least daily average catch of 5-10 kilograms. Fish catch are directly transported to the San Jose public market, while some traders transported them directly to Manila and other nearby provinces. Sales for commercial fish catch are concentrated generally in Manila while some disposed in public market and other nearby provinces.

Marine Production

Aside from open fishing, the municipality also produces substantial quantity of marine. A portion of the 300 private hectares in San Jose produces marine products. In fact, some of the marine products and volume of marine products were transported to mainland and Luzon: Some of the mariculture products produced in the Municipality of San Jose are the milkfish culture, seaweeds farming, backyard tilapia, groupers and mud crabs culture.

Cattle Industry

The Municipality of San Jose was once number one producer of cattle in Region 4 in 1970-1980’s but because of peace and order problem, the cattle industry declined. In addition, the grazing areas were affected by the declaration of large portion as Protected Areas and the issuance of CADT where the renewal of the same is under the mercy of the PAMB or IPs. To date, despite that there are only two (2) existing permittees left in Barangay Batasan that comprise a total area of 1,061 hectares, San Jose still remains as the number one producer of beet products supplying the Metro Manila residence.

Trade and Commerce

Based on San Jose CLUP, commercial establishments in the municipality according to DTI are totaled to 1,030. Most are wholesale and retail (95.05 percent). Others include Banking and Finance and Insurance establishments. Known commercial banks are: Allied Bank, Metrobank, PNB, DBP, Land Bank, CARD Bank, Veterans Bank and other Rural Banks. Existing commercial establishments covered a total land area of 5.1655 hectares or an average land area of 50m2 per establishment. Registered Commercial establishment is around 1,030 and public market, the center of commercial activities, is the largest in the province.

San Jose Wet and Dry Public Market cover a total land area of 4,202 hectares which serves as the center of commercial and trading activities. It is the largest public market in the province offering most diverse goods and services. About 760 stalls are operating regularly from 5:00 A.M to 7:00 P.M every day. Local traders and middlemen from neighboring towns, Panay, Island and Coron, Palawan, facilitate commodity flow and exchange.

About 20 registered manufacturing and processing industries are operating at different scale. These could be classified into: manufacturing of hollow blocks/bricks/concrete pipes, food processing, processing of bath/detergent soap, and furniture making. A total of 117 workers are employed by industries occupying a total land area of 1.6556 hectares or an average space of 0.08278 hectares per industry. Industries include hollow blocks making, handicrafts and furniture’s, and other small scale processing and manufacturing plants. There are around eight (8) cottages industries in the locality. One of which is engaged in the production of peanut brittle while the rest are engaged in the production of bread.

Financing Institutions

Banking and Finance and other general services commonly concentrate within the periphery of public market. Known commercial banks are Allied Bank, Metrobank, PNB, DBP, Land Band, CARD Banks and other Rural Banks.

While there were a number of possible sources of capital which may be tapped for their crops and livestock/poultry production and in fishing activities, the main sources though came from income obtained from previous copping season or from earnings from livestock and poultry raised. However, those lacked of earnings/capital borrowed/obtained their capital needs from private crop and fish traders/buyers, the landowners, their parents or the 5-6 system of borrowing.

Furthermore, local farmers which are financially incapacitated in cultivating their lands can avail or seek assistance from banking and lending institutions with legal interest rate or through a middleman with high interest rate. If local farmers choose to agree with middlemen, mode of payment can be in cash or in kind depending upon the conditions and terms of payment that both parties agreed. On the other hand, banking institutions prefer to provide loan assistance to an organized farmer’s cooperative rather than individual farmers.